National Emblem Of India
When the Republic of the country came into force on 26 January 1950, the Lion-head kept in Sarnath Museum in the Sarnath Museum was taken on the same day as the National Emblem of India.
The lion-head of Sarnath considered a masterpiece in architecture, has four lions carved on a circular abacus with back to back, and this abacus is quoted on a downward-facing lotus shape. The drawing on the abacus has been done with great precision and beauty, with the marking of an elephant, a running horse, an ox and a lion, respectively, which is divided by a chakra, i.e. a depiction of the chakra in between them.
Why Only Three Lions Appear In Our National Emblem?
Only three lions appear in our national emblem, as the fourth one is hidden behind. In the centre of the abacus is the chakra to the right of which depicts a bull and a horse by a horse. Apart from this, there is ‘Dharmachakra’ on the right and left sides of the abacus.
The downward-facing lotus is below the abacus. It is not included in the national emblem.
Below the abacus is written ‘Satyameva-Jayate‘ in Devanagari script, which literally means ‘Truth only triumphs’.
The lion-top, which is the top of the Ashoka-pillar, was built in 300 BC by the great Emperor Ashoka in the dense forest of Mashgadav (present Sarnath). It is believed that this pillar was built to mark the place where Mahatma Buddha gave his first sermon and established the Niyam Gati-Chakra known as ‘Dharmachakra-Pramanam’.
In 1905, a 7-feet-high lion-top was obtained during an archaeological excavation done at an ancient Buddhist site.
It is believed that the lion-top was originally above a chakra; some pieces of the chakra were also found during an excavation of the site.
Apart from Sarnath, Ashoka-Stambha has also been received from other places: Lauria-Areraj, Lauria-Nandangarh, and Allahabad Prahladpur, Bhakra, Sanchi, Sankisa, respectively.
The Rampurwa is the only lion-head on the pillar, the elephant-top on the Sankisa. Of all these pillars, the Sarnath – Dharmachakra-pillar with four lions is the most magnificent, which is truly superior to all other Ashoka pillars in workmanship, elegance and lustre. This magnificent image represents the highest in Indian symbolism, which is variously explained.
The simplest explanation in its original and complete form is that the Dharmachakra represents a rotating cycle of righteousness that is considered supreme.
The Sticks Of The Dharma Chakra Represent 24 Principles Of Buddhist Philosophy
Dharmachakra spokes are indicative of 24 principles of Buddhist philosophy. The cycle gives the message of progress. Therefore, the circle is placed in the centre of the tricolour.
The four lions facing the four directions symbolize Kama, or passion and fierce force. The lotuses below represent Earth or wealth. The meaning is that religion is above both works, and meaning and continuity must be maintained by applying the power and weight of religion. The four animals depicted in the abacus are symbolic of the events that took place in the life of the Buddha.
Where is ‘Satyamev – Jayate’ Taken from
The phrase ‘Satyameva-Jayate’ written in the Devanagari script below the abacus shown on our national emblem is derived from the Mundak-Upanishad. Satyameva-Jayate is the opening phrase of a long poem from this Upanishad-
Satyam Eva Jayyat Nashtram, Satyana Pantha Vitato Devayanah Yanarkramanti Risho Hi Apatakama Yatra Tapa Satya Param Nidanam.
Which means’ Truth alone wins, not untruth. The path leading from the Truth to the gods is excluded by which the sages fulfil their desires, where the supreme abode of Truth is’. Since the above motto is included in the national symbol, it cannot be used privately. It can only be seen under the Ashoka Pillar Shikha, where it is allowed to use itself.
The National Emblem Of India in Hindi
Bhaarat mein vaaraanasee saranaath sangrahaalay mein sanrakshit ashok laat ko bhaarat ke raashtreey prateek ke roop mein apanaaya gaya hai. yah 26 janavaree 1950 ko apanaaya gaya, jis din bhaarat ek ganatantr ban gaya. yah prateek bhaarat sarakaar ke aadhikaarik letarahed ka ek hissa hai aur sabhee bhaarateey mudra par bhee prakat hota hai.
National Animal Of India
The royal tiger, the leopard and the Tigris are striped animals. It has a thick yellow furrow coat with deep striped stripes. Due to lavishness, strength, agility and immense power, the tiger has become proud as the national animal of India.
National Emblem Animals
The Rampurwa is the only lion-head on the pillar, the elephant-top on the Sankisa. Of all these pillars, the Sarnath – Dharmachakra-pillar with four lions is the most magnificent, which is truly superior to all other Ashoka pillars in workmanship, elegance and lustre.
How Many Asiatic Lions Are There In The State Emblem Of India
The genuine Sarnath stands behind four Asiatic lions at the regalia, a symbol of strength, courage, confidence and pride. Below is a horse and an ox, and at the centre of it’s a gorgeous wheel (Dharma Chakra). There is an elephant (of the east), a bull (of the west), of the horse (of the south), and of the lion (of the north), which are separated by wheels in the middle.
How Many Lions In The National Emblem
There are Four Lions Only in the National Emblem, but only three lions appear in our national emblem, as the fourth one is hidden behind.