How Old Is The Earth According To The Bible?

How Old Is The Earth According To The Bible?

How Old Is The Earth According To The Bible?
How Old Is The Earth According To The Bible?

Today we are going to talk about a very interesting question, how old is the earth according to the Bible? if we look at the fact that Adam was created on the sixth day of our planet’s existence, we can determine a biblical estimated age of this earth by looking at chronological details of the human race. Huh. It is assumed that the description in Genesis, that the six days of creation were a 24-hour period, is accurate, and that there is no vague gap in the chronology of Genesis.

The genealogies listed in Genesis chapters 5 and 11 refer to the era when Adam and his descendants raised the next generation as a succession of ancestors from Adam to Abraham. But by determining where Abraham correctly occurs in the chronology of history and associating it with the epochs of Genesis 5 and 11, it appears that the Bible teaches that the earth is more or less approximately 6000 years old.

What to say about its hundreds of billions of years which is accepted by most modern scientists and is being taught by the vast majority of our educational institutions? This era is fundamentally based on two techniques for determining dates: radiometric dating and timing related to geographical events. Those scientists who advocate the age of the Earth to be about 6000 years insist that the theory of radiometric dating is based on a series of faulty estimates, while the timing of geographic events is faulty because it rejects circular reasoning. uses.

In addition, they point to the true nature of the Earth-age myths, similar to the well-known misconception that diamonds, coal, oil, stones of various sizes formed in ascending deposits and escaping deposits, etc. It takes a long period of time for the appearance of fossilization and formation etc.

Lastly, younger Earth advocates present positive evidence for the Earth’s young age in place of the older Earth’s evidence that they believe to be true. Scientists who believe in the age of the Earth admit that they are few in the majority today, but they insist that their level will increase and increase over time as more and more scientific evidence is tested again and again. Let’s take a closer look at the accepted example of today’s Earth-older.

Lastly, the age of the Earth cannot be proven. Whether it is 6000 years old or even millions of years old, both approaches (and everything in between) are based on belief and conjecture. Those who believe in the billions of years old view believe that a method such as radiometric dating is reliable and that nothing in history has occurred that would have hindered the normal decomposition of rodeo-isotopes.

Those who believe that the Earth is 6000 years old believe that the Bible is true and other facts that describe the Earth’s “appearing” age, such as geologically flooding or that God would place the universe in such a state is creating that gives the “feel” of a longer duration. As an example, God created Adam and Eve as fully grown adult creatures.

If a doctor had examined Adam and Eve on their day of creation, that doctor would have estimated their age at 20 years (that is, whatever age appeared to be), whereas in reality, Adam and Eve Were less than a day old. No matter what, there are always good reasons to trust the Word of God more than atheistic scientists with an evolutionary perspective.

History Of The Creation Of The World

History Of The Creation Of The World
History Of The Creation Of The World

From the events described in the Bible, you can calculate his age.

As a result, the age of the Earth according to the Bible is 6 108 years (as of 2017).

From the Bible, we learn in detail about everything that happens on earth from the first day of its creation. Reading and analyzing this holy book, we understand more and more that it contains historically accurate data.

The proof of this is the exact dates of birth and death of people, actual events that happened with specific numbers.

  • Genesis 5 tells us the order and duration of the lives of Adam and his descendants. In total, this period takes 1,056 years.
  • Genesis 7 and 11 cover a large period from the beginning of Noah’s life and the flood of Abraham’s birth – 2,008 years.
  • And Genesis 21 speaks of the lives of Abraham and his son Isaac – 2,108 years.
  • Genesis 25 and 26 show us in detail the time period from the birth of Jacob to his campaign in the land of Egypt. Earth is already 2,298 years old.
  • Genesis 47 tells the story of life in Egypt and departure from this country – 2,298 years.
  • Exodus (chapter 12) leads us to the construction of the temple. It is already 3,208 years old.
  • The Book of Kings (chapter 6) ends this period of time with the Babylonian captivity and closes in 3553 BC.

An era begins, which was marked by the appearance, crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. We know that Jesus began his ministry when he was 30 years old and ended it at 33 years old. The events of this time are also listed in chronological order:

Different Versions Of The Chronology

For a long time, mankind has been concerned about the creation of the world. How did the earth appear, how old is it? In total, there are 3 main theories in the world: philosophical, biblical, and scientific. Which of these positions to choose and which to believe, everyone will have to decide for himself.

But science and philosophy are limited by logic and cannot go beyond mathematical thinking. This is just science fiction, nothing more. According to these two versions, the age of the Earth is 4.5 billion years, with which proponents of the biblical version fundamentally disagree.

The divine doctrine is based on a document called the Bible. This is where you can find specific numbers and years. It should be noted that famous scientists adhere to this principle: Sergei Golovin, Karl Bach, and Henry Gale.

If we stop believing in the Bible, we can say that our ideas about faith are also wrong. Is it true?

The history of the earth is carved on its stones. In places like the Grand Canyon, eroding water from its walls reveals the layers of rock that make up these walls.

As older layers form new ones, geologists have an idea of ​​what Earth’s crust is like. But the knowledge that the deeper layers are old doesn’t tell us anything about their absolute age, that is, how old they are.

Also Know About What Does The Bible Say About Weeds?

How Was The Age Of The Earth First Calculated?

How Was The Age Of The Earth First Calculated?
How Was The Age Of The Earth First Calculated?

In the 19th century, scientists tried to calculate the age of the Earth based on the timing of rock formations in modern times. But they could only guess. According to their results, the age of our planet ranges from 3 million years to 1.5 billion years. The spread is 500 times, such a result, of course, cannot be called accurate. Naturally, another method was needed. The scientists wanted to find a clock that, wounded in the time of creation, would last until our time. Looking at such a clock, one can accurately indicate the age of the Earth.

How Can You Accurately Calculate The Age Of The Earth?

How Can You Accurately Calculate The Age Of The Earth?
How Can You Accurately Calculate The Age Of The Earth?

And it turned out that such a clock exists: in rocks, trees, and in the depths of the ocean. These natural clocks are radioactive elements that decay over time to form other elements. Determining the age of rocks or fossils using radioactive elements is called radiometric dating. A strictly defined portion of radioactive material decays per unit time. This fraction does not depend on the mass of the original radioactive material.

Determination Of Earth’s Geological Age

Determining the geological age of the Earth, or the geological prescription of certain events from Earth’s life, it is always necessary to proceed from the fact that the processes occurring on the Earth’s surface and in its depths have occurred earlier. Rainfall also eroded loose rocks, contributing to the development of ravines and causing devastating floods. Earth is repeatedly shaken by devastating earthquakes. From the splits, powerful lava flows then solidified as a continuous mantle on the Deccan Peninsula in Eastern Siberia, in the western states of the Americas, in Iceland, and in many other regions.

A few examples help to look more confidently into Earth’s past. The river carries sand, clay, silt into the sea, sometimes in huge quantities. This material settles both at the mouth of the river, gradually forming a chain of islands that form its delta, and is carried away to the sea. Calculating the total amount of sediment deposited at the mouth of a river over a given period of time, by determining the amount of sediment contained in one cubic meter of river water, and also by calculating how many cubic meters of water the river averages annually it’s easy.

Finding any historical objects in coastal marine sediments (for example, ancient weapons, coins, parts of lost ships, etc.) provides some clues to determine the age of given sediment. The layering of sediments helps determine the timing of the formation of the entire rock mass. At the bottom of salt lakes, for example, in Baskunchak, a layer of salt is deposited annually, which is separated from the previous year by a thin layer of spring silt. When drilling salt deposits, a mass of such layers of silt is found. Having counted them, it is not difficult to determine the time of formation of deposits.

On a salt deposit, a drilling rig was placed which, before reaching the bottom of the deposit, produced ten thousand layers. As a result, it took at least 10 thousand years to form just the passed strait. Sometimes a measure of time may be, for example, the sedimentary stratum, which buried some historical structures. Thus, the buildings built in Egypt by Pharaoh Ramses II, who lived about 3000 years ago, are covered with a layer of sand three meters thick. In other words, sediment formation proceeded at a rate of one meter per millennium. The accumulation of marine sediments is very slow: it takes about 7000 years to form a layer with a thickness of one meter. 

sedimentary rocks. According to the suggestions of scientists, the total age of the entire zone of sedimentary rocks of the Earth’s crust by two billion years, which has not been completely preserved anywhere.

How Old Is The Earth? The Age Of Earth

How Old Is The Earth? The Age Of Earth
How Old Is The Earth? The Age Of Earth

Determination results are very different. And only in our time, for the next quarter of a century, scientists have managed to solve this innermost mystery of nature, but in a completely different way. There are substances in nature that turn any rock with a plant for billions of years into a truly magical clock. And as if looking at a wonderful stone, we can determine the time it has occupied and say when it was formed.

One such amazing substance is the chemical element the planet Uranus, which spontaneously turns into the lead over hundreds of millions of years. The average lifetime of uranium is 8 billion years. Over this long period, it turns into uranium-lead, which an expert scientist can easily separate from ordinary lead. Knowing how much lead is released from one gram of uranium per year (and this is well known to physicists), and determining how many grams of uranium are in a given rock (chemists will calculate it correctly), It is possible to determine the time of rock formation. That is his age. These studies are carried out through especially sensitive sophisticated instruments. With its help, it was possible to establish that the rocks of one of the regions of Karelia were formed one billion seven hundred million years ago.

Research by scientists from other countries has led to the discovery of even more ancient rocks – more than two billion years old. It can be assumed that the earth’s crust is about three billion years old. The formation of the Earth’s crust is the beginning of geological chronology. The total age of the Earth is determined by modern science to be at least five billion years. By carefully observing the geological processes taking place before our eyes, we become truly convinced of the changes.

As a thoughtful researcher of nature, Lomonosov wrote about it. He is rightly one of the first places informing the scientific foundations of geology, from which the science is subject to the study of the Earth’s interior in the search for minerals and the determination of the Earth’s geological age.

Various scientists tried to calculate it. Many experiments have been done. It took more than three centuries to accurately determine the age of our planet.

We now know that Earth has existed for 4.54 billion years (with an accuracy of 1%) – a value that has changed little since it was first obtained 57 years ago in 1956; Only the error is reduced. But can we be sure that we are already facing the last number?

Why did it take so long to find him? In search of answers to these questions, we must go back three centuries.

The Archbishop of the Church of England, James Usher of Ireland, is one of several 17th-century scholars who tried to establish an exact date for the creation of the Earth. In those days, knowledge was used to obtain by analyzing a variety of historical texts, including the Bible, and the values ​​obtained ranged from 3616 to 6984 BC. I. Usher arranges all the important characters in the Old Testament in chronological order, starting with Adam.

So he determined that heaven and earth were created on the nights of Saturday and Sunday, October 23, 4004 BC. I. This date was little known to an enterprising businessman named Thomas Guy. Seeing a demand for a cheap Mass edition of the Bible, Guy began to print an edition of the book in 1675, which included the chronology of Usher in the fields. game of time

As knowledge of geology accumulated, scientists began to understand that the history of the entire Earth clearly could not fit into several millennia. French naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon speculated that the globe was formed from jets of very hot material ejected from the Sun under the impact of a comet. He tried to find out whether this happened by studying the cooling processes empirically.

For 11 years, Buffon conducted long-term experiments with balls of various radii made of iron and stone. slowed their cooling, and then turned the empirical data into an object the size of Earth. He published the results in 1775, estimating the age of the Earth to be at least 74,832 years from the moment of its formation. At the same time, Buffon himself believed that the Earth is still very old and may even be 10 million years old.

During the next century, there was much evidence of long-term geological processes occurring for many millions of years. Different geological ages are described by characteristic deposits. Eventually, by the middle of the 19th century, the hourly method came to be considered highly authoritative. The first attempts to estimate the thickness of rocks on different continents and the rate at which these deposits (which it was possible to obtain as a result of the time required for their accumulation) yielded a large scatter – 3 million to 2.4 billion years. (due to the difference in the rate of rainfall in different places).

Another option was to try to measure the rate at which salt accumulates in seawater. Rivers carry salt from the rocks they wash to the seas. If we assume that the oceans originally consisted of freshwater, then, in principle, it is possible to estimate the time required for them to “pollute” to their present state. This method was fraught with difficulties and led to large dissemination of values ​​(not to mention the highly hypothetical initial assumption).

In 1862, the British physicist Lord Kelvin began one of his speeches at a meeting of the Edinburgh Royal Society in an attack on geologists and their methods of determining the age of the Earth. Like Buffon, Kelvin argued that the Earth was originally in a molten state and considered it “obvious” to know the temperature at which rocks melt and the rate at which they cool, if the crust is it takes time. … the initial value of Kelvin is in a very wide range from 20 to 400 million years, but a few years later, after accurate measurements of the melting temperature of the rocks (it turned out to be much lower than expected), Kelvin revised his estimate. This reduced it to 20-40 million years. Among geologists, this work caused considerable confusion.

The decade at the turn of the 20th century brought several major discoveries. X-rays were discovered in 1895, and in 1896 it was discovered that uranium emitted similar “mysterious rays”. This phenomenon of radioactivity was discovered by the French chemist Antoine Henri Becquerel, and then the husband-wife-physicists Maria Skoidowska-Curie and Pierre Curie began to study it. The name of this phenomenon was given by Marie Curie. As a result of his discoveries, a real boom in research in this direction swept through laboratories around the world.

In 1897, Joseph John Thomson discovered the electron, and in 1902 Ernest Rutherford and Frederick Soddy proposed a theory of radioactive decay that formed the basis for the theory of the atom and nuclear energy. He amazed the world with the statement that in the process of radioactive decay, one element turns into another: uranium turns into radium, which releases radon gas.

Soon after, Sodi showed that not only radon but also helium was released as a result. Radon is also unstable and breaks down into other elements.

A few months before Pierre and Marie Curie were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1903, Pierre discovered that in the process of radioactive decay, electrons leave the atom, releasing energy in the form of heat. Even though Kelvin was correct in thinking that the Earth was cooling from a molten state, he also did not know that the radioactive elements inside the Earth were producing enough heat to prolong the cooling process for almost any length of time. which geologists will need. AGES STONE

The discovery that helium is a byproduct of uranium decay prompted Rutherford to take the next step. He realized that, through relatively simple calculations based on the formation of helium and measurements of the amount of uranium and helium in rocks, we could estimate the period of helium accumulation and therefore establish the age of the rock. A year later, Rutherford became the first person to estimate the age of a rock using radioactive decay – he received an age value of 40 years.

Unfortunately, there was a mistake in his method, and it was helped by Robert Stratt, a professor of physics at the Royal College of Science in London (UK), who drew attention to the fact that helium gas can seep through rocks. . This meant that only a fraction of radiogenic helium was measured and the age thus obtained was only a minimal estimate. Strat suggested that one of his students, 20-year-old Arthur Holmes, begin looking for a better method.

By measuring the ratio of uranium to lead in rocks, Arthur Holmes developed a reliable experimental dating method, which paved the way for determining the age of the Earth.

Establishment of Arthur Holmes to determine the ratio of uranium and lead in minerals. The mineral solution is boiled (1), the released radon gas is collected (2), the amount of which (due to its radioactivity leads to air ionization) is estimated using an electroscope (3).

In 1910, British geologist Arthur Holmes established the uranium-lead (U/Pb) ratio for 17 different minerals. Thus, it was possible to estimate the age of the rocks and show that lead is a stable decay product of uranium. Holmes extracted minerals from rocks and fused them with sawdust in a platinum crucible, and the resulting glassy mass was dissolved in hydrochloric acid. After the solution was boiled and settled in a sealed flask, radon was collected in a gas holder, and its amount was estimated using an electroscope that reacts to radioactivity. The known rate of decay of uranium into radon made it possible to estimate the amount of uranium.

The lead was analyzed using a subtle chemical process while radon was deposited. To verify the correctness of the results, the experiment was repeated five times. One day Holmes had to drop all the data and start over because radon leaked into the room, distorting the results of the experiment. The U/Pb ratio in the studied minerals turned out to be, on average, 0.045 – the age of the rocks was estimated at 370 Ma. In addition, the U/Pb ratio consistently changed with the age of the rocks, indicating the reliability of the uranium-lead dating method. This method eventually served as the basis for modern estimates of Earth’s age.

How Old Is Earth, Moon, and Solar System?

How Old Is Earth, Moon, and Solar System?
How Old Is Earth, Moon, and Solar System?

Uranium has a half-life of 4.5 billion years. Measurements of the age of some of Earth’s rocks using the uranium-thorium method have shown that they are about 3.8 billion years old. How to find out how much our planet was formed before? Examining samples of lunar soil brought by astronauts from lunar missions, scientists have found their age to be about 4.6 billion years, as well as the age of meteorites arriving at Earth from regions around the Solar System. Therefore, scientists believe that the entire Solar System, including the Moon and the Sun, was formed about 4.6 billion years ago.

First, they establish the age of the mountains… When traveling in the mountains, you can always find stones that easily shatter into pieces, or even completely shatter with the slightest pressure Huh. This clearly states that the stone does not remain unchanged, but it ages and gradually collapses under the influence of weathering. The mountains are also getting old. Mount Montserrat. It has existence. The Ural Mountains are the oldest; For the young – the Caucasus Mountains, Crimean, Carpathian, Alps, Himalayas, and others. Some mountains appeared a long time ago, others much later, some arrived in their succession, while others once completely disappeared from the face of the earth.

Apart from the old mountains, there were some that no longer exist, of which there are no remains. For example, the existence of the Donetsk zucchini, or Donetsk ridge, can be judged only by those underground folds that were exposed during the construction of coal mines and other structures.

Along the way, along the river, in the ravine, and among the mass of stones found in the old quarry, you can always find baked shells. Sometimes there are so many of them in the breed that it is called shell limestone… These shells are not at all like those that can be seen in a pond by the side of a river or sea.

Shale limestone. If in some area you often come across fossil shells or the remains of marine animals, then this certainly indicates that here, on the plain, there was once a sea, and also very warm. The richest tropical vegetation developed along this warm sea. Colonies of shallow-dwelling colonies at shallow depths, and predatory voracious sharks, and such antediluvian monsters up to 13 m in length, combine the characteristics of sea-roaming fish, dolphins, and crocodiles.

Maybe someone in your area will be lucky enough to find this monster’s verge in the black soil of deep trenches. Fossil shells and other remains of sea creatures are often found on high mountains. How could they get there? Did the seas cover the tops of the mountains even once? Was there ever a flood around the world? Not at all: the remains of the most ancient fauna lie not on the surface, but in the very thickness of the rock forming the surface of the mountain.

Seas and Lands Over the Earth’s long history places changed frequently… The contours of the continents and oceans changed. More shocking changes also took place.

Sea and land were being exchanged. This shows once again that not only did the land and sea change repeatedly, but also the deep changes that devastated the ancient ocean floor into folds, and created mountains and volcanoes in the open spaces where Once the waves blew, streams flowed lava. This was the case, for example, in the distant past of the Urals and the Caucasus. inexplicably changed. Great changes took place in the flora and fauna.

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