History of Dasanan Ravan
Apart from Valmiki’s Ramayana, mention is found in many other texts regarding Ravan. Every aspect of Ravana’s character has been told in the Ramayana of South India. Apart from Valmiki Ramayana about Ravana, Hindu texts such as Padmapurana, Srimad Bhagavat Purana, Korampuran, Mahabharata, Anand Ramayana, Dasavatarcharit, etc. are also mentioned in Jain texts.
Ravan In Hindi
‘Ravan‘ to sirph ek hai, duniya mei is naam ka dusara koi vyakti nahin hai. Ram to bahut mil jaenge, lekin Raavan nahin. Raajaadhiraaj lankaadhipati Maharaj Raavan ko dashaanan bhi kahate hai. Kahate hai ki raavan lanka ka tamil Raja tha. Sabhi granthon ko chhodkar vaalmiki dvaara likhit Ramayan mahakavy mei raavan ka sabase ‘praamaanik‘ itihaas milata hai.
Raavan ek kushal raajaneetigy, senaapati aur vaastukala ka marmagy hone ke saath-saath brahm gyaani tatha bahu-vidyaon ka jaankaar tha. Use maayaavi isalie kaha jaata tha ki vah indrajaal, tantr, sammohan aur tarah-tarah ke jaadu jaanta tha. Usake paas ek aisa vimaan tha, jo anya kisi ke paas nahin tha. Is sabhi ke kaaran sabhi usase bhayabhit rahate the.
Jain shaastron mei Raavan ko prati-naaraayan maana gaya hai. Jain dharm ke 64 shalaaka purushon mei Raavan ki ginati ki jaati hai. Puraano anusaar mahaapandit Raavan aagaami chaubisi mei teerthankar ki soochi mei Bhagwan Mahaavir ki tarah chaubisaven tirthankar ke rup mei maani honge. Iseelie kuchh prasiddh praachin jain tirthasthalon par unaki murtiyaan bhi pratishthit hain.
Ravan Father Name (Parents)
Pulastya Rishi, son of Brahmaji. His son became Vishva. Vishrava’s first wife was Devangana, daughter of Bhardwaj, whose son was Kubera. Vishrava’s second wife was Kaikasi, Daityaraja Sumali, whose children were Ravan, Kumbhakarna, Vibhishana, and Surpanakha. Khar, Dushan, Kumbhini, Ahiravana, and Kubera were not the quick kin of Ravana.
Birth Of Ravan
Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakashipu were born as Ravana and Kumbhakarna in the second birth according to the Ramayana epics, Padmapuran and Srimad Bhagavat Purana, written by Valmiki. Kaikasi conceived in inauspicious times. For this reason, a fierce demon with cruel nature like Ravana and Kumbhakarna was born from his womb. In Tulsidas Ji Ramcharitmanas, Ravana is born due to a curse. They give the stories of Narada and Pratapbhanu as the reason for Ravana’s birth.
In return for her service, Kaikasi sought a boon from her husband that she needed a boon for sons who were more powerful than the gods and could defeat them. After some time, he gave birth to a superb kid with ten heads and twenty hands. Kaikasi asked, why does this child have so many hands and heads? Even the sage said you had asked for a beautiful child, so it is lovely, and there is no one like it. On the eleventh day, the child was christened and named Ravana.
Ravan’s childhood was spent in learning all kinds of education and learning. Ravana became known of the four Vedas during childhood itself. Apart from this, he had also mastered Ayurveda, astrology, and tantra lore. When he was youthful, he went into the jungles to do brutal retribution. He knew that Brahmaji was his great-grandfather, so he did his austerities first, and after being pleased with many years of penance, Brahmaji asked him to ask for a boon, then Ravana asked for the boon of being immortal. Brahma said, “I can’t give this, however can give you many kinds of forces.” You are learned, so attempt to understand. Ravan acknowledged, and he disappeared with many powers. Ravana accepted, and he went away with many strengths. Later he did severe penance to Lord Shiva.
Know 10 Secrets Of Dasanan Ravan
1. Ravan Face (Have Ten Heads)
It is said that Ravana had ten heads. Is that right? A few researchers accept that Ravana didn’t have ten heads, yet he used to make the figment of having ten heads. That is why people called him Dashaanan. A few researchers accept that Ravana didn’t have ten heads, yet he used to make the figment of having ten heads. Due to being called Dasakanthi, ten of its heads were accepted in vogue.
It is mentioned in Jain scriptures that there were nine large circular beads in the neck of Ravana. His head was visible in the above nine beads, due to which he had the illusion of having ten heads.
However, according to most scholars and Puranas, it is true that Ravana was an elusive person who could create the illusion of having ten heads by his fantasy. His charismatic power and magic limelight were famous.
The discussion of Ravana having ten heads comes in Ramcharitmanas. He went to battle on Amavasya of Krishnapaksha, and every day he cut his head one by one. In this way, Ravana was killed on the tenth day, i.e., on the bright fortnight’s tenth day. That is why Ravana is burnt on Dashami.
Ramcharitmanas describes that Ram used to cut off with his arrow, another head would emerge in its place. It is a matter to ponder whether a new limb can be produced again if one limb is cut? These heads of Ravana were artificial – made from demoniac Maya.
Marich’s becoming a golden deer with silver dots, Ravana’s placing Ram’s severed head in front of Sita, etc., proves that the demons were elusive. He knew many types of Indrajal (magic). So ten heads and twenty hands of Ravana can also be considered inaccessible or artificial.
It is believed that to attain immortality, Ravana asked for a boon by doing intense penance of Lord Brahma, but Brahma did not accept his boon and said that your life would be located in the navel. Ravana was left wanting to remain immortal.
This was the reason that when the battle of Ravana with Lord Rama was going on, Ravana and his army started falling on Ram. In such a situation, Vibhishan told Rama that the life of Ravana is in his navel. There is nectar in the navel itself. Then Ram Bhagwan shot an arrow into Ravana’s navel, and Ravan was killed.
3. Family Of Ravan
Ravana was the son of a Brahmin father and a demon mother. According to Valmiki Ramayana, Ravana was the grandson of Pulastya Muni, i.e., his son Vishvashrava. Vishvashrava had two wives named Varvarnini and Kaikasi. On the birth of Varvarnini’s Kubera, Sautiya Dah Vash Kaikasi conceived in inauspicious times. For this reason, a fierce demon with cruel nature like Ravana and Kumbhakarna was born from his womb.
Sage Vishwashrava married the daughter of sage Bharadwaja, from whom Kubera was born. Ravana, Kumbhakaran, Vibhishana, and Surpanakha were born to Vishwasrva’s second wife, Kaikasi. Laxman had cut off the nostrils of Surpanakha.
4. Wife Of Ravan (Mandodari)
After Kubera was evicted and settled in Lanka, he married his sister Shurpanakha with Kalka’s son, Danavaraja Vidyuvihva. He married Ditti’s son Maya’s daughter Mandodari, born from the womb of Apsara named Hema. Mandodari is believed to be from Mandore near Jodhpur in Rajasthan.
Kumbhakarna was married to Vajrajwala, daughter of Virochankumar Bali, and Vibhishana was married to Sarma, the daughter of Gandharvaraja Mahatma Shailesh. After some time, Mandodari gave birth to Meghnad, who defeated Indra and became famous as Indrajit.
Ravana got sons from Mandodari – Indrajit, Meghnad, Mahodar, Prahast, Virupaksha Bhikam Veer. It is believed that the battle of Rama-Ravana had destroyed the entire clan, except for one only Vibhishana.
5. Ravan’s Kingdom Expansion
Ravana expanded his rule by conquering Sumba and Balidweep and conquered Angadweep, Malayadweep, Varahadweep, Shankhadweep, Kushadweep, Yavadweep, and Andhra Pradesh. After this, Ravana made Lanka his target. Kubera ruled Lanka.
According to today’s era, Ravana ruled Ravana’s kingdom expansion, Indonesia, Malaysia, Burma, some states of South India and Sri Lanka.
Three gods named Mali, Sumali, and Mallywan settled on the Trikut Subel mountain, conquering Lankapuri by the Devas and Yakshas, making Kuber a Lankapati. Ravana’s mother, Kaikesi, was the daughter of Sumali. At the instigation of his maternal grandfather, Ravana decided to fight with Ilavilla’s son Kubera. Still, the father consoled Lanka Ravan and asked Kubera to live in the Trivishtap area around Mount Kailash. In the same sequence, Ravana also snatched the Pushpak aircraft of Kubera.
6. Ravan Created A New Sect (Sampradaay)
According to the well-known novel ‘Vayam Rakshmah’ composed by Acharya Chatursen and ‘Lankeshwar,’ a three-volume book by Pandit Madan Mohan Sharma Shahi, the supreme devotee of Ravana Shiva, forced Yama and Surya to bear their glory, scholarly scholar. , Treating all castes as equal was about establishing a non-discriminatory society.
Ravana was against demons against the demons. Ravana established the ‘Raksha’ culture to protect everyone apart from the ‘Yaksha’ culture of the Aryans. The people of this ‘Raksha’ society later came to be called demons.
7. Ravan’s Aircraft And Airport
Ravana removed Kubera from Lanka and established his kingdom there. Dhanapati Kubera had a Pushpak aircraft, which Ravana snatched. Information related to the fuel used in this flower of Ravana is being extensively researched by the India Research Center in collaboration with the Lalit Kala Akademi of Madras.
Kuber belonged to Pushpak Vimana: According to the Ramayana, Ravan had killed Sita and taken him to Sri Lanka by Pushpak Vimana. Ramayana mentioned that after the war, Ayodhya Pushpak came from Sri Lanka, Sita, Lakshman, and others from Lanka south by plane. Ravana forcefully acquired Pushpak Vimana from his brother Dhanapati Kubera.
Brahmarshi Angira created the design and construction method of Pushpak Vimana, and Lord Vishwakarma created its construction design and functionality. It is because of this beautiful creation that he was called ‘Shilpi.’
Characteristic Of Pushpak Vimana
The feature of Pushpak Vimana was that it could be shortened or enlarged. The Pushpak aircraft had the desired speed and could make many people travel. This plane used to travel in the sky at the will of the Swami. That is, it could move at the speed of the mind.
As per the Shri Ramayana Research Committee of Sri Lanka, Ravan had four air airports. They have four airports – Usangoda, Gurulopotha, Totupolakanda, and Variapola. One of these four Usanagoda Airport was destroyed. According to the committee, when Hanuman reached Lanka searching for Sita, Ravana’s Usangoda airport in Lanka Dahan was damaged.
Ashok Kanth, chairman of the research committee, said that these airports had been found in the last four years of search.
8. Ravan’s Gold Lanka
Research on Lanka: According to the Sri Ramayana Research Committee of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka is Sri Lanka associated with the Ramayana period. According to the committee, research has been conducted in 50 places related to the Ramayana period in Sri Lanka.
Lanka Purana: The three gods named Mali, Sumali, and Mallywan settled on the Trikut Subel mountain, conquering Lankapuri by the Devas and Yakshas, making Kubera a Lankapati. Ravana’s mother, Kaikesi, was the daughter of Sumali. At the instigation of his maternal grandfather, Ravana decides to fight with Ilavilla’s son Kubera. Still, the father convinces Lanka Ravana and asks Kubera to live in the Trivishtap region (Tibet) around Mount Kailash. In a similar arrangement, Ravana likewise removed the Pushpak Vimana of Kubera.
Other views: Kubera was Ravana’s half-brother. Kubera was a Dhanapati. Kubera ruled Lanka and expanded it. Ravana seized Lanka from Kubera and established his rule over it. It is believed that Lord Shiva inhabited Lanka. Lord Shiva had made the entire Lanka gold-plated for Parvati.
9. Lord Shiva Devotee Ravan
Once when Ravana was traveling with his Pushpak aircraft, he passed through a forest area on the way. Shiva was sitting meditated on the mountain of that area. Shiva’s Gan Nandi stopped Ravana and said that passing through here is prohibited for all because God is merry in penance.
Ravan got angry after hearing this. He took his plane down and insulted Nandi by standing in front of Nandi and then raising the mountain on which Shiva was sitting. Seeing this, Shiva pressed the mountain with his thumb, due to which Ravana’s hand also got suppressed, and then he started praying to Shiva to free me. After this occurrence, he turned into a devotee of Lord Shiva.
10. Ravana’s Dead Body
Space organization NASA Planetarium programming can ascertain each event during the Ramayana. In this, Ram should be in exile, Ram-Ravan war, or any other event. The calculation of this software states that Rama killed Ravana in 5076 BC before.
Resigned archaeologist of the Archeological Survey of India, Dr. LM Bahl, says that if we calculate this calculation based on the verses mentioned in the Ramayana, then the battle of Ram-Ravana is also confirmed. Apart from this, some scholars study these phenomena astronomically. Physicist Dr. Pushkar Bhatnagar has learned the astronomical dates of Ramayana. Before 5076 BC, to date, the body of Ravana is kept safe in the cave of Ranagil in Sri Lanka. That is, it has been 7 thousand 89 years.
Question/Answer About Dasanan Ravan
1. Was Ravana good or bad?
Answer: An evil turns away all your good, and you fall in the eyes of the gods. You do not prove good by being a scholar and scholar. It is necessary to have moral force to be good. Needed to be pure of actions. It is believed that Ravana was a learned man, but his efforts were terrible.
2. How many years did Ravana live?
Answer: This is very difficult to say because no one has been able to find out how old Ravana was till now. It is prevalent about Ravana that the maximum time he did his penance was 10000 years. That is, each of his penances took 10000 years. Thus if thought, Ravana’s age was several lakh years. Rajarajeshwar Chakravarti Emperor Kartavirya Sahasrarjuna, a contemporary of Ravana, was in the 25th Satyuga, i.e., in the 25th Mahayuga and Ravana died in this Mahayuga, i.e., the 28th Mahayuga, which is today. From this, we can find out that Ravana was alive for many ages.
3. What was the real name of Ravana?
Answer: Ravana was the king of Lanka. He was also known because of his ten heads, due to which his name was also Dasanan (Das = ten Anan = Mukh).
4. Why did Ravana not touch Sita?
Answer: Ravana did not touch Sita Ji with his command because Nalakuber cursed Ravana. Ravana knew. If he touches Sita incorrectly, then his head will become a hundred pieces. Ravana, holding the title of Vishwavijeta in Tretayuga, could not touch any woman without his permission.
5. Who is Ravan?
Answer: According to Valmiki Ramayana, Ravana was the grandson of Pulastya Muni i.e. his son Vishrava. Vishrava had two wives named Varvarnini and Kaikasi. Ravana was born to Kaikasi after the birth of Kubera from Varvarnini.